A major study has found out that climate change poses lifelong health risks to children around the world. As per the reports, it leaves a pervasive and persistent effect on children’s health, which last throughout their life. Researchers have said that the next generation will witness a high level of malnutrition, weaker immune systems, and premature deaths if the authorities fail to make a drastic reduction in emissions. The study includes collaborative research, done by 120 scientists from 35 institutions. Scientists observed that what would happen if the society continues to follow as usual pathway, which might result in a child born today in a world that is 4C above pre-industrial levels by their 71st birthday.
Researchers have said that climate change will continue to pose higher risks to the health of the children unless concrete action is taken to bring down the rising temperature below 2C in line with global commitments. With the rising temperatures, there will be a reduction in staple crops such as maize, rice, and soybean. This will leave infants vulnerable to malnutrition. It will also cause stunted growth and long term developmental problems. Toddlers and infants are more prone to catch infectious diseases in general. These ailments are mainly caused by rising temperature and fluctuating rainfall patterns. In 2018, the warmer temperature increased the transmission of bacteria, which caused diarrhea and wound infection. Scientists have quoted in the study that in the last 30 years, the number of suitable climate days for Vibro bacteria to multiply, has doubled.
The pandemic of dengue is also on the rise. Since 2000, people have witnessed nine out of ten worse years of dengue transmission with mosquitoes starting to spread across Europe and other territories. The body and immune system of small children are more susceptible to diseases and environmental pollutants. This study has been done by The Lancet Countdown, which tracks the connection between public health and climate change. The researchers have advised all the countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, otherwise, the wellbeing of the next generation and life expectancy will be compromised. Young people are also vulnerable to toxic air, which results in asthma, lung dysfunction, heart attacks and strokes.